A list of aircraft used by Italy during World War II until its capitulation to the Allies in September 1943. In August 1943, the arresting gear installed on the carrier. They could only elevate to 45° but could fire fuse delayed explosives with shrapnel to create a barrage. Interesting developments of the Regia Marina included the Re.2001 G/V which was a modified fighter-bomber, with reinforced structure to carry a single 640 kg (1,410 lb) bomb derived from a 381 mm shell from Littorio, and a small serie entered service, two G/Vs taking part in Operation Pedestal. One was amidships, and the second not far forward. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). Italian WW2 Aircraft. A full-length flight deck topped the hanger, with a large island on a sponson to starboard. The first Italian vessel classifiable in any possible way as an aircraft carrier had already entered service during World War I. However the general yalout and even the aircraft carrying capacity was almost unchanged. 0:52 . Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The naval aircraft retained the bomb shackle standard on land-based Re.2000 fighter bombers and could thus handle the naval bomber role. Initially the Italian Navy considered refitting the Aquila for service as a carrier but this plan was abandoned and the ship broken up in 1952. The original armament was planned was to comprise six single 6-in guns (152 mm), four 4 in (102 mm) and 22 of 37 mm AA guns. The important date was June 1940, when Mussolini sanctioned the conversion of the Roma into an auxiliary carrier. Soon, the Transatlantic Roma was found suitable. This would simplify the provision of spares and the training of naval pilots. With a waterline length of 664 ft (202 m), a beam of 83 ft (25 m), a draft of 30 ft (9 m), she was roughly the same size as Aquila. The internal hull layout allowed the ships to survive with three compartments flooded. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Roma was launched on February 26, 1926. The defeat was a shock for the admiralty, and of course the raid of Taranto in November 1940 were a clear reminder that air power was not a joke if well used. They came straight from the same cancelled last two Capitani Romani-class cruisers as the powerplant. In 1942, they torpedoed again HMS Liverpool, just repaired near Malta, the steamer Tanimbar and they finished off HMS Bedouin. In 1938, with the Sudeten crisis, the aircraft carrier question made a come back, as alternatively the conversion of the heavy cruiser Bolzano. The carrier scenario only arranged the Royal Navy. Re 2001 G testing a 600 kgs short aerial torpedo circa 1943, planned to be used onboard ships, including the Sparviero and Aquila (src quora). Little work has been done one year after in September 1943 when Italy collapsed. The superstructure was razed completely and a large hangar 525 feet long and 59 feet wide was erected beneath the steel flight deck. Aquila in la Spezia below camouflage nets – Src www.naviearmatori.net. It was designed to be, essentially, a large escort carrier. The study also envisioned a conversion of the transatlantic MS Augustus. But, of these, fully 50 were Re.2001OR (Organizzazione Roma) models, specifically intended for the carrier project. In addition, the Italians referred to the problems and delays already encountered by the Germans with the Graf Zeppelin or the Luftwaffe own’s antiship capabilities, demonstrated when HMS Illustrious was almost sunk by Stukas (The Regia Aeronautica was about to receive about 200 of them).Mussolini heard these arguments and postponed the conversion, until the battle of Cape Matapan on 21 June. Its planned armament comprised four twin 120 mm DP guns and four twin 100 mm HA located on a deck level below the flight deck. He notably designed the Zara class cruisers and Bolzano, and from 1929 a 770 tonnes, 34 knots TB. She was nearly completed and started early trials when Italy surrendered in September 1943. They were indeed spaced to left room for the Pugliese ASW protection system. A cavalry sergeant in 1882, in 1892 he was graduated a civil engineer, naval school of Genoa two years later, and supervised in 1896 the construction of the revolutionary Regina Elena battleships. If so, the Italians would have used the most versatile carrier-borne plane of the war. Aquila’s starboard-side island was much inspired by the 1930 designs by Bonfiglietti; There was a single large vertical funnel and a tall command tower on which were mounted the fire control directors for the 135 mm (5.3 in) duel purpose guns. They succeeded to partially cripple Aquila, prevented her to be towed, and she partially sunk in shallow waters. 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