The earliest inhabitants of the Northeast, including New Jersey, are believed to have settled the area between 12,000 and 15,000 years ago—at the end of the most recent Ice Age. This concept forever changed the lives of the Native Americans, who did not understand how land could be bought and sold, like merchandise. N.p., n.d. Dismayed at the Duke’s action, Nicolls resigned as Governor and Berkeley and Carteret assumed control by sending 26-year-old Philip Carteret, a distant cousin of George Carteret, as the new governor of what was now renamed New Jersey in honor of the Isle of Jersey, George Carteret’s native home where he had provided refuge to the Royal family during the Civil War. Education. welcometo the new jersey Colony. Prior to British colonization, the Lenape Nation dealt with the short-lived colonies of the … Because the Dutch colony of New Netherland extended to Albany in the north, Pennsylvania in the west and also included portions of what are now Connecticut and Maryland, the Dutch interacted with several different Native American tribes, at times engaged in mutually … Colonists from the New Netherlands colony had peaceful relationships with the Native American tribes surrounding the colony. The Lenni Lenape were drowning in seas of grief. However, the English took over shortly, and with them, came the idea of land ownership. Colonists from the New York colony had peaceful relationships with the Native American tribes surrounding the colony. At the time when European's arrived, there were approximately 40 bands of the Lenni Lanape on the Delaware River. The New Jersey Colony was one of the Middle Colonies of Colonial America and became the U.S. state of New Jersey in 1776. In both the cases of the New England colonies and the Chesapeake colonies, English people who came to the New World had unusually democratic forms of government. Puritans Have Landed By the time of early European colonization attempts, there were over 30,000 Native Americans in Massachusetts living amongst a variety of tribes belonging to the Algonquin language group. Unfortunately, like a teardrop quickly being wiped away, the kindness that embedded the trading relationship was too, wiped away. There is debate as to what the land of New Jersey itself would be referred to by the Lenape, but "Lenapehoking" seems to be agreed upon by even the Lenape themselves.. Religious freedom was granted and there was no tax-supported church. Native American Tribes One major tribe in the New Jersey Colony was the Lenni Lenape, which means "original people." From as early as the discovery of Roanoke in 1585 by Sir Walter Raleigh who captured two Native American back to England, bad blood had formed between the Chesapeake Colonies and the Native Americans. Great Britain viewed the Colonies as both a source of raw materials, such as lumber, furs, tobacco, sugar and iron, and a market for England's goods, such as silk, linens and tea. Strewn on the mud ground were splatters of dark and rich blood, disfigured humans with eyes gouged out of its sockets, Lenni Lenape with skin flayed off of their backs, and children with half closed eyes lying with their arms splayed out beside them. Relationship With Native Americans The New Jersey colonists had a hostile relationship with the Native Americans living there, the Lenni Lenape. The principal Native American tribe was the Lenni Lenape, translated either as "original people" or "true men" and considered to be part of the larger Algonquin tribe. Native People of New Jersey The Original People (Lenni-Lenape) inhabited New Jersey long before the Europeans arrived. The relationship between the colonists and the Lenape was hostile due to the aggression lead by the colonists. New Jersey was an important state during the Revolutionary War because of its location near the center of the thirteen colonies and between New York City and Philadelphia. The relationship between the colonists and the Lenape was hostile due to the aggression lead by the colonists. Official Website. The tribes surrounding the colony where the Poospatuck/Unkechaug tri be, Mohegan tribe, Munsee Delaware Tribe, and Lenni Lenape tribe. Those unfortunate enough to stay were faced with the burdens of alcoholism and devastation from European diseases. The Quakers of Penn's colony, like their counterparts across the Delaware River in New Jersey, established an extremely liberal government for the seventeenth century. They were independent, used to taking care of themselves, but they were also united with their approach to Native Americans. Lenni Lenape was the tribe that inhabited New Jersey during that time period  and they knew the land very well. They were friendly, even helping out the colonists however on February 25, 1643 they turned on them attacking their tribe, killing hundreds of innocent natives. The New Jersey colonists had a hostile relationship with the Native Americans living there, the Lenni Lenape. Penn insisted on developing good relations with the Native … The Colonies typically did not sell enough raw materials to England to cover the cost of imports and were expected to make up the shortfall in gold and silver. One thing is that without the hep from the Native Americans, New Hampshire wouldn't have survived. First the Virginia Plan, which had representitives based on the population. By 1804 all the other Northern states had abolished slavery: New York (1799), New Jersey (1804) Relations with natives The New Jersey colonists had a hostile relationship with the Native Americans living there, the Lenni Lenape. The colonists in Colonial Georgia had a fairly good relationship with the Native Americans. Determination of an exact location for a border between West Jersey and East Jersey was often a matter of dispute, as was the border with New York.. Men could sell crops such as wheat, maize, beans, and grains. New Amsterdam, modern day Manhattan, was purchased from the Manhattan Indians. After this incident, the Lenni Lenape lost all respect for the colonists, and did not interact kindly with them. For nearly 20 years in the 17th century, Sweden had a little-known colony that spanned parts of Delaware, Pennsylvania and New Jersey. New Hampshire was one of the 13 original colonies of the United States and was founded in 1623. By 1804 all the other Northern states had abolished slavery: New York (1799), New Jersey (1804) Relations with natives They relied on peaceful relationships in order to make money from the fur trade. They are named the Lenape and existed for thousands of years.Not only in New Jersey proper but also Pennsylvania and New York. THE BEST PALCE TO START YOUR BUSINESS. The land in the New World was granted to Captain John Mason, who named the new settlement after his homeland in Hampshire County, England.Mason sent settlers to the new territory to create a fishing colony. As, the capital went up in crackling fire and the dark, deadly, destructive smoke rose, the colony attacked back and the good relationship was ended. The smaller states didn't agree so they made a New Jersey Plan. The area now making up the state of New Jersey was first inhabited by Native American tribes for more than ten thousand years prior to the exploration of the New World by Europeans. The first Dutch colony that was established in 1609 was mainly a trade outpost, therefore, it was advantageous for the colonists to cultivate amicable relationships with their Native American neighbors. They lived in small bands and had no supreme chief. They relied on peaceful relationships in order to make money from the fur trade. With this sale, New Jersey was divided into East Jersey and West Jersey, two distinct provinces of the proprietary colony. The Lenni Lenape had an abundant supply of fur, so they gave the colonists beaver pelts, and in return received European made goods. They were friendly, even helping out the colonists however on February 25, 1643 they turned on them attacking their tribe, killing hundreds of innocent natives. They taught the english how to grow things like corn, beans, and squash. Their tribe was resourceful and smart in trade routes. February 25, 1643 became a turning point in the amount of trust encumbered in the colonists when Dutch soldiers invaded the Lenni Lenape village and killed hundreds of men, women, and children. Unfortunately, they did not survive long after the arrival of the Europeans. New Netherland was a 17th-century colony of the Dutch Republic that was located on the northeast coast of North America. In 1776 New Jersey declared itself an independent state and joined the colonial side in the Revolutionary War. They were a people with a strong sense of tradition (Lenape Wedding) and a well organized life-style. Sign in|Recent Site Activity|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered By Google Sites. The colony had originally been settled by the Dutch as part of New Netherland, but came under British rule after the surrender of Fort Amsterdam in 1664, becoming a proprietary colony. Regrettably, the colonists will now forever be indebted to the Lenni Lenape for tainting its once dignified name. Native American and Colony Relations Citations "History of American Women." The agriculture was terrible and very rocky. Farming Land. The colony was proving quite profitable, New Amsterdam had developed into a port town of 1500 citizens, and the incredibly diverse population (only 50 percent were actually Dutch colonists) of the colony had grown from 2,000 in 1655 to almost 9,000 in 1664. The political division existed for the 26 years between 1678 and 1712. Native Americans and Massachusetts Bay Colony. The tribes surrounding the colony where the Poosputuck/Unkeechaug tribe, Mohegan tribe, Munsee Delaware Tribe, and Lenni Lenape tribe. Many farmers settled in New Jersey. The relationship was made all the more contentious by the spread of diseases that were unfamiliar to the bodies of the Native Americans, such as syphilis, pertussis, and influenza. This started when James Oglethorpe negotiated with the Yamacraw tribe for land so he could establish a series of defensive forts. 07 Oct. 2015. When the remaining Lenni Lenape went to view the aftermath of the slaughter, they beheld a sight that horrified them. Since the Native Americans knew the land as well as they knew the back of their hands, they had an ideal trading relationship with the colonists. The Delaware River ran on the border of New Jersey, which gave traders the opportunity to trade with people from other colonies. The Dutch colonists initially treated Native Americans with respect, however eventually relations between the two became strained. The end result of the $24 purchase was a war between the New Amsterdam settlers and the Manhattan Indians. When the Dutch colonists first came, a strained relationship was made, and no harm had been inflicted upon the Lenni Lenape. Unfortunately, the … They relied on peaceful relationships in order to make money from the fur trade. We chose these to represent our colony because they seem the most important factors when moving across an ocean to the unknown. The Dutch forced the innocent Lenni Lenape on barren and desolate reservations. Many Lenni Lenape decided to leave, and the ones who stayed were faced with days full of pain and agony. lets hear some facts. By the time European colonists began arriving, the inhabitants of the area were the Lenni Lenape, or Delaware, Indians. This caused most of the Lenape to leave and their population dwindled from about 2,000 to about 500. The New Jersey colonists had a hostile relationship with the Native Americans living there, the Lenni Lenape. ... Good relationships with the Native Americans. Some of the most well known tribes were the Wampanoag, Pequot, Nipmuck, and the Massachuset. New Jersey Presentation 1. The Dutch claimed and settled areas that are now part of New York, New Jersey, Delaware, and Connecticut, with small outposts in Pennsylvania and Rhode Island. This gave equal representitives but required slaves to count for the population in voting. These people all spoke a dialect based upon the Algonquian language. Finally, however, the advantages of peaceful and mutually beneficial trade with the natives began to become evident and the law to be ignored by enterprising individuals in the colony. When the Dutch colonists first came, a strained relationship was made, since the Native Americans had an ideal trading relationship with the colonists. Web. England profited from this mercantile system while the Colonies accumulated debt. The English colonists manipulated the Lenni Lenape and took much of their native land away. The New England Colonies had a very different relationship with the Natives, one which involed alliances and trade. By 1700, the once mighty population consisting of 2,000 men and women of the Lenni Lenape had dwindled down to a meager paltry of 500 natives. Relationship with the Native Americans; 1 major person in the colony; Relationship with the native Americans. Origins
New Jersey was originally settled in 1623
New Jersey was settled by the Dutch
In 1664 the Duke of York made a proprietary grant to Sir George Carteret and Lord Berkeley of the land between the Hudson and the Delaware River
Carteret and Berkeley bribed settlers to come … Farmers could also trade valuable crops with Native Americans. In the Articles of Confederation there were two parts. New Jersey
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Kira Oppici
Zach Freed
2. The natives burnt it down.

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